> What is Industrial Property ?
Industrial Property (IP) belongs to the general field of Intellectual Property, which refers to creations of the mind for which exclusive rights are recognized. Various types of creations of the mind exist including: inventions (protected by patents), distinctive signs (trademarks, domain names, trade names…), aesthetic creations or designs (industrial design rights, author’s rights), as well as appellations, databases, softwares…
The purpose of Industrial Property is more specifically to protect and develop the value of innovations and creations.
> What is Intellectual Property ?
Intellectual property encompasses a body of rights that subsist in intangible creations. Industrial property is, together with literary and artistic rights, one of the two components of intellectual property rights.
Industrial property rights the owner an operating monopoly on technical inventions (patents, plant variety certificates, etc.), visual design creations (design rights), and distinctive signs (trade marks, trade names, appellations of origin, etc.).
In an environment that is both highly competitive and increasingly globalized, Industrial Property has become a major economic and strategic tool for any economic player. A useful weapon in the defense and pursuit of markets, Industrial Property is also a showcase of creativity and dynamism of a company.
A patent, a trademark or an industrial design may be directly filed with organizations such as the Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle (INPI) for France, or with the European Patent Office (EPO) or the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) or the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) for Europe.
The physical act of filing (form to fill out) does not require any specific competences. However, the steps prior to and following the filing require highly specialized technical and legal competences in order to comply with the requirements of the different offices in terms of both form and content.